Unlike the other two major medical specialities, medicine and nursery, physiotherapy only prescribes topical medication and Iontophoresis (commonly used for the application of anti-inflammatory medications through an electric field). Since oral and parenteral drugs aren’t prescribed in physiotherapy, the unwanted side effects of these are also avoided. Physiotherapy offers a great opportunity and a solution to patients whose condition cannot be treated with common drugs, due to counter-indication.
Physiotherapy uses methods such as massage, mobilisation and manual therapy, electrotherapy (in all its forms, such as TENS, interferential, ultrasound therapy, etc.) and other physical therapies like cryotherapy, thermotherapy, acupressure, taping and therapeutic exercises as a form of treatment. Additionally, physiotherapy provides the patients with therapeutic guidelines and exercises to improve their daily life by applying them while at work or at home. In fact, ergonomics is also essential for the patient’s pathological process and helps preventing and healing injuries effectively, by ensuring the patient takes an active role on his/her treatment and recovery.
Physical therapy is especially effective when treating musculoskeletal disorders (injuries or pain in the body's joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and structures that support limbs, neck and back) and the nervous system. Physiotherapy can work well to rehabilitate, for example, patients that have lost mobility in a part of their body, or when a child is born with cerebral palsy and needs to create new movement patterns.
Nowadays, physiotherapy is also effectively used against stress and sedentary life related issues, both usually caused by bad work habits. Also, physiotherapy can be combined with medical treatments that often complement each other to improve patients’health.
Finally, only graduate physiotherapists (who after 4 years of university obtain a degree in Physiotherapy) who are registered at “Col.legi Professional de Fisioterapeutes”(Professional School of Physiotherapists) are able to practice physical therapy and execute their profession with the highest safety and quality guarantees for their patients.